The Torah: A Mechanical Translation
By Jeff A. Benner
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Dictionary

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Prefixes and Suffixes

~& (ה / h) Paragogic Hey; added to the ordinary forms of words, to express additional emphasis, or some change in the sense.

~&~ Placed between the two words of a compound word or name.

~her (fem. ה / ah) Third person feminine singular pronoun (her) also used as a possessive pronoun (of him or his).

~him (masc. ו / o) Third person masculine singular pronoun (him) also used as a possessive pronoun (of him or his). | Alt. Trans.: his

~me (י / ני / I / niy) First person common singular pronoun (me), also used as a possessive pronoun (of me or my). | Alt. Trans.: my

~must (ן / n) Paragogic Nun; emphasizes the intensity of action of the verb. | Alt. Trans.: shall; cannot (when attached to a verb that is preceded by a negative participle)

~of (י / i) Identifies the noun as singular possessive.

~s (masc. ים / iym fem. ות / ot) Identifies the noun as a plural. When attached to the name of a person it identifies the name as plural possessive.

~s2 (ים / yim) Identifies the noun as a dual plural.

~them(f) (fem. הן / hen) Third person feminine plural pronoun (them) also used as a possessive pronoun (of them or their). | Alt. Trans.: their

~them(m) (masc. הם / hem) Third person masculine plural pronoun (them) also used as a possessive pronoun (of them or their). | Alt. Trans.: their

~unto (ה / ah) Directional Hey; implies movement toward the location identified in the word this suffix is attached to. | Alt. Trans.: upon

~us (נו / nu) First person common plural pronoun (we), also used as a possessive pronoun (of us or our). | Alt. Trans.: our

~you(fp) (fem. כן / khen) Second person feminine plural pronoun (you), also used as a possessive pronoun (of you or your). | Alt. Trans.: your

~you(fs) (fem. ך / ek) Second person feminine singular pronoun (you), alsoused as a possessive pronoun (of you or your). | Alt. Trans.: your

~you(mp) (masc. כם / khem) Second person masculine plural pronoun (you), also used as a possessive pronoun (of you or your). | Alt. Trans.: your

~you(ms) (masc. ך / kha) Second person masculine singular pronoun (you), also used as a possessive pronoun (of you or your). | Alt. Trans.: your

?~ (ה / ah) The interrogative hey converting the sentence into a question.

and~ (ו / we / wa / u) The conjunction meaning and. Often used as the vav consecutive meaning that when prefixed to a verb it will usually reverse the tense of the verb. | Alt. Trans.: as; but; or; so; that; then; when

from~ (ם / me) A preposition meaning from. | Alt. Trans.: above; at; by; in; kinds; more than; of; on; out of; rather than; some of; to; including; because of

in~ (ב / be) A preposition meaning in or with. | Alt. Trans.: among; at; by; on; over; to; with; excuse me (when suffixed with "me~")

like~ (ך / ke) A preposition meaning like. | Alt. Trans.: about; as; same; when

the~ (ה / ha) The definite article meaning "the."

to~ (ל / le) A preposition meaning to or for. | Alt. Trans.: about; as; at; belong to; by; for; has; have; so; with; within

which~ (ש / she) A preposition meaning which or who.



Conjugations

!(fp)~ Identifies the verb as a feminine plural imperative.

!(fs)~ Identifies the verb as a feminine singular imperative.

!(mp)~ Identifies the verb as a masculine plural imperative.

!(ms)~ Identifies the verb as a masculine singular imperative.

~ed(fp) Feminine plural verb passive participle denoting an action (such as baked).

~ed(fs) Feminine singular verb passive participle denoting an action (such as baked).

~ed(mp) Masculine plural verb passive participle denoting an action (such as baked).

~ed(ms) Masculine singular verb passive participle denoting an action (such as baked).

~ing(fp) Feminine plural verb participle denoting an action (such as baking) or one of action (such as a baking one, or baker).

~ing(fs) Feminine singular verb participle denoting an action (such as baking) or one of action (such as a baking one, or baker).

~ing(mp) Masculine plural verb participle denoting an action (such as baking) or one of action (such as a baking one, or baker).

~ing(ms) Masculine singular verb participle denoting an action (such as baking) or one of action (such as a baking one, or baker).

>~ Identifies the verb form as infinitive.

be~ Identifies the voice of the verb as passive.

did~ Identifies the tense of the verb as perfect. The perfect tense is a completed action and in most cases is related to the English past tense. | Alt. Trans.: had (when the subject of the verb precedes the verb)

he~ Identifies the subject of the verb as third person masculine singular. | Alt. Trans.: any; it; one; that

I~ Identifies the subject of the verb as first person common singular.

make~ Identifies the the mood of the verb as causative. | Alt. Trans.: cause; give; let; take

much~ Identifies the the mood of the verb as intensive. | Alt. Trans.: many, completely

self~ Identifies the voice of the verb as reflexive. | Alt. Trans.: act

she~ Identifies the subject of the verb as third person feminine singular.

they(f)~ Identifies the subject of the verb as third person feminine plural.

they(m)~ Identifies the subject of the verb as third person masculine plural.

they~ Identifies the subject of the verb as third person common plural.

we~ Identifies the subject of the verb as first person common plural.

will~ Identifies the tense of the verb as imperfect. The imperfect tense is an incomplete action and is closely related to the English present and future tenses. | Alt. Trans.: do

you(fp)~ Identifies the subject of the verb as second person feminine plural.

you(fs)~ Identifies the subject of the verb as second person feminine singular.

you(mp)~ Identifies the subject of the verb as second person masculine plural.

you(ms)~ Identifies the subject of the verb as second person masculine singular.