The Torah: A Mechanical Translation
By Jeff A. Benner
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Dictionary

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FACE (masc. פנה / pa'neh) The anterior part of the human head; outward appearance. One present, in the sense of being in the face of another. Often used in the context of being before or in front of. (Always written in the plural form, but usually used as a singular noun) | Alt. Trans.: before; within (when suffixed with "~unto") | Strong's: #3942, #6440

FACE.TOWARD(Verb) (קדם / q.d.m) To face another or meet face to face; to go before someone or something in space or time. | Strong's: #6923

FADE(Verb) (נבל / n.b.l) To degrade a person, action or object. To droop or pass away. To wither away as a leaf. To wear out of strength. To act unproductively. | Strong's: #5034

FAIL(Verb) (חטא / hh.t.a) To miss the target, whether a literal target or a goal that is aimed for. | Alt. Trans.: purge; bear the blame or purify (when written in the piel [active intensive] form); purify self (when written in the hitpa'el [reflexive] form | Strong's: #2398

FAILING (masc. כליון / kiyl'la'yon) A complete destruction or inability to perform an action. | Strong's: #3631

FAILURE (masc. חטא / hha'ta fem. חטאה / חטאת / hha'ta'a / hha'ta'at) An act or condition of ignorant or imprudent deviation from a code of behavior. A missing of the target in the sense of making a mistake. The sacrifice, which by transference, becomes the sin. | Strong's: #2399, #2400, #2401, #2403

FAINT (masc. מורך / mo'rekh) From a blow to the loins. | Strong's: #4816

FAINT(Verb) (להה / l.h.h) Lacking courage and spirit; weak, dizzy and likely to pass out. Lacking distinctness. | Strong's: #3856

FALCON (masc. נץ / nets) An unknown unclean bird. | Strong's: #5322(x2)

FALL (masc. פל / pa'lal) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FALL.UPON(Verb) (שוף / sh.w.p) To suddenly and forcefully crash upon someone or something. | Strong's: #7779

FALL(Verb) (נפל / n.p.l) To leave an erect position suddenly and involuntarily; to descend freely by the force of gravity. | Alt. Trans.: throw self (when written in the hitpa'el [reflexive] form) | Strong's: #5307

FALLEN.GRAPE (masc. פרט / pe'ret) As broken from the plant and scattered on the ground. | Strong's: #6528

FALSE (masc. שקר / she'qer) A deliberate lie. An expression of a non-truth. | Strong's: #8267

FALSENESS (שוא / shu-a) Words or actions that are not true or are empty. A Deception. Lacking value and content. | Strong's: #7723

FAMILY.IDOL (masc. תרף / te'raph) A household idol of a god, possibly believed to have a healing power. | Strong's: #8655

FAMINE (masc. רעבון / ra'a'von) An extreme scarcity of food. | Strong's: #7459

FAR.BE.IT (fem. חלילה / hha'li'lah) Something least likely to happen. | Strong's: #2486

FAR.END (masc. אפס / ey'phes) The concluding part of an area or extremity. Also used for the conclusion of a thought; finally, however, but. | Alt. Trans.: in the end | Strong's: #0657

FASTEN(Verb) (צמד / ts.m.d) To be joined to another as in a yoke. | Strong's: #6775

FASTENER (masc. דבק / da'vaq) An item for joining items together. | Strong's: #1694, #1695

FAT (masc. חלב / hhe'lev) Animal tissue consisting of cells distended with greasy or oily matter; adipose tissue. The fat of an animal as the choicest part. Also milk; A white fatty liquid secreted by cows, sheep and goats, and used for food or as a source of butter, cheeses, yogurt, etc. | Alt. Trans.: milk | Strong's: #2459, #2461

FATHER (masc. אב / av) A man who has begotten a child. The provider and support to the household. The ancestor of a family line. The patron of a profession or art. | Strong's: #0001

FATHER-IN-LAW (masc. חם / hham) The father of ones wife or husband, father-in-law. | Strong's: #2524

FATNESS (masc. דשן / da'shan) An abundance of fat, food or ashes. | Strong's: #1879, #1880

FATTENING (fem. ריבקה / riyv'qah) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FAVORED (masc. מהיטב / ya'tav) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FEAR(Verb) (ירא / y.r.a) To be afraid of; to have a strong emotion caused by anticipation or awareness of danger; the flowing, or quivering, of the gut from fear or awe; to dread what is terrible or revere what is respected. | Strong's: #3372

FEARFUL (masc. ירא / ya'rey) Having great respect; being in a state of awe or fear. | Strong's: #3373

FEARFULNESS (fem. יראה / yi'rah) A great respect; a state of awe or fear. | Strong's: #3374

FEARING (masc. מורא / mo'ra) To be in awe, a state of fear or apprehensive. | Strong's: #4172

FEAST (masc. חג / hhag) A commemoration of a special event with dancing, rejoicing, and sharing of food. A ceremony of joy and thanksgiving. A festival with a magnificent meal which is shared with a number of guests. | Strong's: #2282

FEATHER (fem. אברה / ev'rah) The principle covering of birds. | Strong's: #0084

FED.FAT (masc. בריא / ba'ri) A member of the livestock that has been fed grains to fatten it for the slaughter. | Alt. Trans.: fattening | Strong's: #1277

FEED(Verb) (רעה / r.ah.h) To give food to; to provide feed or pasture to the flock. Commonly used in the participle form meaning a feeder or shepherd. | Strong's: #7462

FEEDING.PLACE (masc. מרעה / mir'eh) A place of feeding or grazing. | Strong's: #4829

FEEL(Verb) (מוש / m.w.sh) To handle or touch in order to examine, test or explore some quality. Reach out with the hand to touch. | Strong's: #3237

FEMALE (fem. נקבה / na'qey'vah) An individual that bears children. Designed with a hollow or groove into which a corresponding male part fits, as with a hole. | Strong's: #5347

FEMALE.OWNER (fem. גברת / ge've'ret) A female master overseeing slaves or servants. | Strong's: #1404

FENCE (masc. גדר / g'der fem. גדרה / g'dey'rah) A wall for enclosing in livestock or garden. | Strong's: #1444, #1447, #1448

FENCE.AROUND(Verb) (שכך/סכך / s.k.k) To surround with a wall of protection or covering. To encompass completely. | Strong's: #5526

FENCE.IN(Verb) (בצר / b.ts.r) A barrier intended to protect, prevent escape or intrusion, or to mark a boundary; to gather together and confine for protection. | Strong's: #1219

FERRET (fem. אנקה / a'na'qah) An unclean animal of unknown species. Probably a mammal whose sound is like a cry. | Strong's: #0604

FEVER (fem. קדחת / qa'da'hhat) | Strong's: #6920

FEW (masc. מצער / מזער / miz'ar / mits'ar) Small in number. | Strong's: #4213, #4705

FIELD (masc. שדה / sa'deh) An open land area free of trees and buildings. A level plot of ground. | Strong's: #7704

FIFTH (masc. חמישי / hha'mi'shi) An ordinal number. | Strong's: #2549

FIFTH.PART (masc. חומש / hho'mesh) A fifth portion of five equal amounts. | Strong's: #2569, #2570

FIG (fem. תאן / te'eyn) An oblong or pear-shaped fruit from a tree of the fichus genus. | Strong's: #8384

FIGHT(Verb) (לחם / l.hh.m) To make war; to battle as to destruction; to attempt to defeat, subdue, or destroy an enemy by blows or weapons. | Alt. Trans.: wage war (when written in the niphil [passive] form) | Strong's: #3898

FIGHTING (masc. כדר / ka'dar) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FIGURE (masc. סמל / se'mel) | Strong's: #5566

FILL(Verb) (מלא / m.l.a) To occupy to the full capacity. | Alt. Trans.: fulfill; fully; set (the setting of stone) | Strong's: #4390

FILLING (masc. מלו / me'lo) An act or instance of filling; something used to fill a cavity, container, or depression. | Strong's: #4393

FILTHINESS (masc. שיקוץ / shiy'quts) A dirty, shameful, or detestable action, object or condition. Often used in the context of idols. | Strong's: #8251

FILTHY (masc. שקץ / she'qets) | Strong's: #8263

FIN (masc. סנפיר / s'na'piyr) The fins of a fish. | Strong's: #5579

FIND(Verb) (מצא / m.ts.a) To come upon, often accidentally; to meet with; to discover and secure through searching. | Alt. Trans.: reveal (when written in the hiphil [active causative] form) | Strong's: #4672

FINE(Verb) (ענש / ah.n.sh) A financial penalty made for an offense or damages. | Strong's: #6064

FINGER (fem. אצבע / ets'ba) The extension of the hand. Can be used to point. | Strong's: #0676

FINGER.SPAN (fem. זרת / ze'ret) The width of the fingers, often used as a measurement. | Strong's: #2239

FINISH(Verb) (כלה / k.l.h) To bring to an end; terminate; to complete an action, event. | Alt. Trans.: bring to an end | Strong's: #3615

FIRE (fem. אש / eysh) The phenomenon of combustion manifested by heat, light and flame. | Strong's: #0784

FIRE.OFFERING (masc. אישה / i'sheh) A sacrifice that is placed in a fire as an offering. | Strong's: #0801

FIRE.PAN (fem. מחתה / mahh'tah) A tray for carrying hot coals. | Strong's: #4289

FIRMLY.PRESSED (fem. מעכה / ma'a'kah) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FIRMNESS (masc. אמון / ey'mun fem. אמונה / e'mu'nah) Securely fixed in place. | Strong's: #0529, #0530

FIRST (masc. ריאשון / ri'shon) The head of a time or position. | Strong's: #7223

FIRST.RAIN (masc. יורה / yo'reh) | Strong's: #3138

FIRST.TIME (fem. תחילה / te'hhiy'lah) The point of time or space at which anything begins. | Strong's: #8462

FIRSTBORN (masc. בכור / be'khor) The first offspring, usually a son, of a man or animal; the prominent one. | Strong's: #1060

FIRSTBORN.FEMALE (fem. בכירה / be'khi'rah) The daughter that is born first; the prominent one. | Strong's: #1067

FIRSTFRUIT (masc. ביכור / bi'khor) The first gathered fruits of a harvest; the first results of an undertaking. | Strong's: #1061

FISH (masc. דג / דאג / dag fem. דגה / da'gah) An aquatic animal. Only fish with scales and fins are considered fit for food (clean). | Strong's: #1709, #1710

FISSURE (fem. נקרה / nik'rah) A division, causing to become two pieces instead of one. A cleft or narrow chasm. | Strong's: #5366

FIST (masc. אגרוף / eg'roph) Clenched fingers into the palm of the hand. | Strong's: #0106

FIVE (masc. חמשה / hha'mi'shah fem. חמש / hha'meysh) A cardinal number, from the number of fingers on a hand. | Alt. Trans.: fifty (when written in the plural) | Strong's: #2568, #2572

FLAKE.OFF (חספס / hh.s.p) To scale off particles from an object. | Strong's: #2636

FLAME.OF.FIRE (masc. פילדש / piyl'dash) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FLAMING (masc. חרי / hha'ri) A visible fire, usually used in the sense of a fierce anger. | Strong's: #2750

FLAMING.WRATH (masc. חרון / hha'ron) A fierce anger. | Strong's: #2740

FLANK (fem. ירכה / yar'khah) The hollow of the loins between the legs. | Strong's: #3411

FLAPPING.WING (masc. ממרא / mam'ra) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FLARE.UP(Verb) (חרה / hh.r.h) To become suddenly excited or angry; to break out suddenly. Burn with a fierce anger. | Strong's: #2734

FLASH (masc. ברק / ba'raq) The bright light shining off the edge of a sword. The bright light of lightning. | Strong's: #1300

FLAT (masc. ריקוע / riy'qu'a) As hammered out flat. | Strong's: #7555

FLAVOR (masc. טעם / ta'am) The taste of a food or the perception of a person's behavior. | Strong's: #2940

FLAX (fem. פשתה / pish'teh) A plant in which its fibers are used in manufacturing articles of clothing. Also used to make wicks, cords, and bands. Linseed, linseed oil, and oilcake are useful products of the same plant. | Strong's: #6593, #6594

FLEE.AWAY(Verb) (ברח / b.r.hh) To run away from. | Alt. Trans.: reach (when written in the hiphil [active causative] form) | Strong's: #1272

FLEE(Verb) (נוס / n.w.s) To run away, often from danger or evil; to hurry toward a place of safety; to flee to any safe place such as a city or mountain. | Strong's: #5127

FLEECE (masc. גז / gaz) The coat of wool that covers a sheep or a similar animal. Also, the grasses that are sheared off with a sickle in harvest. | Strong's: #1488

FLEEING (fem. מנוסה / m'nu'sah) | Strong's: #4499

FLEET (masc. עירד / iy'rad) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FLESH (fem. בשר / ba'sar) The soft parts of a human or animal, composed primarily of skeletal muscle. Skin and muscle or the whole of the person. Meat as food. | Strong's: #1154, #1320

FLINT (masc. יהלום / ya'ha'lom) Possibly the flint, a form of quartz of a brown, gray or black color. Other possible translations are onyx and diamond. | Strong's: #3095

FLOAT(Verb) (צוף / z.w.p) To rest or remain on the surface of a liquid; be buoyant. | Strong's: #6687

FLOCKS (masc. צונה / tso'neh fem. צון / צאון / tson) Groups of birds or animals assembled or herded together. | Strong's: #6629, #6792

FLOOD (masc. מבול / ma'bul) To cover with an overwhelming quantity or volume of water. | Strong's: #3999

FLOOR (masc. גורן / go'ren) The level base of a room, barn or threshing floor. | Strong's: #1637

FLOUR (fem. סולת / so'let) Finely ground meal of grain used for making bread. | Strong's: #5560

FLOURISHED (masc. נב / nav) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FLOURISHING (masc. רען / ra'a'nan) A green plant bearing fruit. Also prosperous. | Strong's: #7488

FLOW.OUT(Verb) (רור / r.w.r) | Strong's: #7325

FLOW(Verb) (נזל / n.z.l) To stream or gush a liquid substance. To run like water. | Strong's: #5140

FLUSH(Verb) (שטף / sh.t.p) To flow over with copious amounts of water. | Strong's: #7857

FLUTTER(Verb) (רחף / r.hh.p) To flap the wings rapidly. To move with quick wavering or flapping motions. Shake as a bird in the nest. | Strong's: #7363

FLY(Verb) (עוף / ah.w.p) To move in or pass through the air with wings; to soar in the air. | Strong's: #5774

FLYER (masc. עוף / oph) A flying creature such as a bird or insect. | Strong's: #5775

FOLLOWING (fem. תשוקה / te'shu'qah) To go, proceed or come after. Being next in order or time. Subsequent to. As the river follows the path of its banks. | Strong's: #8669

FOLLY (fem. נבלה / ne'va'lah) Lack of good sense or prudence and foresight. In the sense of fading away. | Strong's: #5039

FOOD (fem. אכלה / akh'lah) Something that nourishes, sustains, or supplies. For giving sustenance and making one whole. | Strong's: #0402

FOODSTUFF (masc. אוכל / o'khel) A substance that may be eaten for giving sustenance and making one whole. | Strong's: #0400

FOOL (masc. נבל / na'val) A silly or stupid person. | Strong's: #5036

FOOLISH(Verb) (יאל / y.a.l) To be without wisdom. | Strong's: #2973

FOOT (fem. רגל / re'gel) The terminal part of the leg upon which the human, animal or object stands. Also euphemistically for the leg. | Alt. Trans.: times (when in the plural form) | Strong's: #7272

FOOTING (masc. אדן / e'den) Ground or basis for a firm foundation. That which sustains a stable position. | Strong's: #0134

FOOTSTEP (fem. פעם / pa'am) A stroke of time as a rhythmic beating of time, one moment after the other. A moment in time. A foot or leg in the sense of stepping. | Alt. Trans.: foot; time; this time (when prefixed with "the~") | Strong's: #6471

FOR (masc. חלף / hhey'leph) An exchange for something else. | Strong's: #2500

FORBID(Verb) (נוא / n.w.a) | Strong's: #5106

FORCE (masc. חיל / hha'yil) The pressure exerted to make a piercing. | Strong's: #2428

FORCEFUL (masc. חזק / hha'zaq fem. חזקה / hha'za'qah) A strong grip on something to refrain or support. Driven with force. Acting with power. | Strong's: #2389, #2390, #2391

FOREARM (fem. אמה / am'mah) A linear standard of measure equal to the length of the forearm. | Strong's: #0520

FOREFRONT (masc. מול / mul) In front of or at the head of, in space or time. | Alt. Trans.: in place | Strong's: #4136

FOREHEAD (masc. מצח / mey'tsahh) The part of the face which extends from the hair on the top of the head to the eyes. Impudence, confidence, or assurance. The seat of boldness of speech and actions. | Strong's: #4696

FOREIGN (masc. נכרי / na'khri fem. נכריה / na'khri'yah) Situated outside one's own country. Alien in character. A strange person, place or thing as being unrecognized. | Strong's: #5237

FOREIGNER (masc. נכר / ney'khar) A person belonging to or owing allegiance to a foreign country. | Strong's: #5235, #5236

FORESKIN (fem. ערלה / ar'lah) A fold of skin that covers the end of the penis. | Strong's: #6190

FOREST (masc. יער / ya'ar) A dark place dense with trees. | Strong's: #3264, #3293

FORGET(Verb) (שכח / sh.k.hh) To lose remembrance of; to cease remembering or noticing. | Strong's: #7911

FORGIVE(Verb) (סלח / s.l.hh) To pardon; to overlook an offense and treat the offender as not guilty. | Strong's: #5545

FORK (masc. מזלג / maz'leyg fem. מזלגה / miz'la'gah) An implement, or tool with multiple prongs or tines. | Strong's: #4207

FORM (masc. תואר / to'ar) The outline of an individual. | Strong's: #8389

FORTIFICATION (masc. מבצר / miv'tsar) A walled place of protection and confinement. | Strong's: #4013

FORTIFIED (masc. כסלוח / kas'lo'ahh) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FORTRESS.OF.ANU (masc. כלנה / kal'nah) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FORTUNATE (masc. שון / shun) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FORTUNE (masc. גד / gad) A store of material possessions. | Strong's: #1409

FORTUNES (masc. גדגד / gid'gad fem. גודגודה / gud'go'dah) Great wealth; ample stock of money, property, and the like. | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FOUL (masc. פיגול / pi'gul) | Strong's: #6292

FOUND(Verb) (יסד / y.s.d) To lay a foundation of a house, place or plan. | Strong's: #3245

FOUNDATION (masc. מוסד / mu'sad fem. מוסדה / mu'sa'dah) A supporting and level base of a building or structure which lies on or in the ground. | Strong's: #4143, #4144, #4145, #4146

FOUNTAIN (masc. מקור / ma'qor) A spring that comes out of a hole in the ground. The source of water necessary for life in the wilderness. | Strong's: #4726

FOUR (masc. ארבעה / ar'ba'ah fem. ארבע / ar'ba) A cardinal number. | Alt. Trans.: forty (when written in the plural) | Strong's: #0702, #0705

FOURTH (masc. רביעי / re'vi'i) An ordinal number. | Strong's: #7243

FOURTH.GENERATION (masc. ריבע / ri'va) A great-great grandchild, as a descendant of the fourth generation. | Strong's: #7256

FOURTH.PART (masc. רובע / ro'va) As fourth in the order. | Strong's: #7255

FRAGILE (masc. פרנך / par'nakh) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FRAGMENT (fem. פת / pat) A part broken off, detached, or incomplete. The removal of a piece resulting in a hole. | Strong's: #6595

FRAGRANCE (fem. בסמת / bas'mat) The pleasing aroma of a sweet smelling spice. | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FRAGRANT.ONE (masc. זיפרון / ziph'ron) A person who has a pleasant scent or aroma. | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FRAIL (masc. רפה / ra'pheh) | Strong's: #7504

FRANKINCENSE (fem. לבונה / le'vo'nah) A resin or gum that is a residue from the bark of a particular ash or fir tree. Used as incense, perfume, or with an offering. | Strong's: #3828

FREE (masc. חפשי / hhaph'shi) Released from bondage or burden of obligation. Emancipation. | Strong's: #2670

FREE.FLOWING (fem. דרור / de'ror) To flow without hindrances. | Strong's: #1865

FREE(Verb) (חפש / hh.p.sh) To be free from a master or obligation. | Strong's: #2666

FREEDOM (fem. חופשה / hhuph'shah) | Strong's: #2668

FREELY (masc. חינם / hhi'nam) Having no restrictions. A work or action that is performed without wages or without cause. | Strong's: #2600

FREEWILL.OFFERING (fem. נדבה / ne'da'vah) A voluntary or spontaneous gift as an offering out of respect or devotion. | Strong's: #5071

FRESH (masc. לשד / l'shad) Something that is fresh and moist. | Strong's: #3955

FRESH.OIL (masc. יצהר / yits'har) | Strong's: #3323

FRESH.WINE (masc. תירוש / ti'rosh) Newly pressed wine as a desired possession. | Strong's: #8492

FRIEND (fem. רעות / re'ut) A female companion as one who is close. | Strong's: #7468

FRINGE (fem. ציצית / tsi'tsit) A tassel or lock of hair as blossoms. | Strong's: #6734

FROG (masc. צפרדע / tse'phar'dey'a) A four-legged amphibious animal. | Strong's: #6854

FROM (masc. מן / מני / min / miney) A function word indicating a starting point or origin. (The short form "מ" is used as a prefix meaning "from") | Alt. Trans.: before (when prefixed with "to~") | Strong's: #4480

FRUIT.PRESS (masc. דמע / de'ma) The liquid that seeps out of the fruit and used in making oils and juices. | Strong's: #1831

FRUITFUL (fem. ריבלה / riyv'lah) Bountiful of produce. (A noun of uncertain meaning.) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FRUITFULNESS (masc. פרת / pa'tar) | Strong's: [Found in names only]

FRY(Verb) (רבך / r.b.k) | Strong's: #7246

FULL (masc. מלא / ma'ley fem. מלאה / me'ley'ah) Containing as much or as many as is possible or normal. | Strong's: #4392

FULL.AGE (masc. כלח / ke'lahh) Advanced in years. | Strong's: #3624

FULL.STRENGTH (masc. תום / tom) Someone or something that is whole or complete. Full in power or force. One who is mature. | Strong's: #8537

FUNCTIONAL (masc. טוב / tov fem. טובה / to'vah) Fulfilling the action for which a person or thing is specially fitted or used, or for which a thing exists. A functioning within its intended purpose. | Strong's: #2896, #2898

FURNACE (masc. כיבשן / kiv'shan) An enclosed structure in which heat is produced by burning wood inside. | Strong's: #3536

FURROW (masc. תלם / te'lem) A line scratched in the soil made by oxen while plowing a field. | Strong's: #8525

FURTHER (fem. הלאה / hal'ah) At a distance beyond the present place or time. | Alt. Trans.: beyond (when prefixed with "from~") | Strong's: #1973

FURY (fem. חמה / hha'mah) Intense, disordered, and often destructive rage. An intense heat from anger. | Strong's: #2534