The Torah: A Mechanical Translation
By Jeff A. Benner
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Dictionary

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Fixes | Conjugations | Names |



FACE: (masc.: פנה / pa'neh) The anterior part of the human head; outward appearance. One present, in the sense of being in the face of another. Often used in the context of being before or in front of. (Always written in the plural form, but usually used as a singular noun) Alternate Translations: before; within (when suffixed with "~unto"). Strong's: #3942, #6440


FACE.TOWARD(V): (קדם / q.d.m) To face another or meet face to face; to go before someone or something in space or time. Strong's: #6923


FADE(V): (נבל / n.b.l) To degrade a person, action or object. To droop or pass away. To wither away as a leaf. To wear out of strength. To act unproductively. Strong's: #5034


FAIL(V): (חטא / hh.t.a) To miss the target, whether a literal target or a goal that is aimed for. Alternate Translations: purge; bear the blame or purify (when written in the piel [active intensive] form); purify self (when written in the hitpa'el [reflexive] form). Strong's: #2398


FAILING: (masc.: כליון / kiyl'la'yon) A complete destruction or inability to perform an action. Strong's: #3631


FAILURE: (masc.: חטא / hha'ta) (fem.: חטאה / חטאת / hha'ta'a / hha'ta'at) An act or condition of ignorant or imprudent deviation from a code of behavior. Sin, in the sense of missing the target; a mistake. The sacrifice, which by transference, becomes the failure (sin). Strong's: #2399, #2400, #2401, #2403


FAINT: (masc.: מורך / mo'rekh) From a blow to the loins. Strong's: #4816


FAINT(V): (להה / l.h.h) Lacking courage and spirit; weak, dizzy and likely to pass out. Lacking distinctness. Strong's: #3856


FALCON: (masc.: נץ / nets) An unknown unclean bird. Strong's: #5322


FALL: (masc.: פל / pa'lal) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FALL(V): (נפל / n.p.l) To leave an erect position suddenly and involuntarily; to descend freely by the force of gravity. Alternate Translations: throw self (when written in the hitpa'el [reflexive] form). Strong's: #5307


FALL.UPON(V): (שוף / sh.w.p) To suddenly and forcefully crash upon someone or something. Strong's: #7779


FALLEN.GRAPE: (masc.: פרט / pe'ret) As broken from the plant and scattered on the ground. Strong's: #6528


FALSE: (masc.: שקר / she'qer) A deliberate lie. An expression of a non-truth. Strong's: #8267


FALSENESS: (שוא / shu-a) Words or actions that are not true or are empty. A Deception. Lacking value and content. Strong's: #7723


FAMILY.IDOL: (masc.: תרף / te'raph) A household idol of a god, possibly believed to have a healing power. Strong's: #8655


FAMINE: (masc.: רעבון / ra'a'von) An extreme scarcity of food. Strong's: #7459


FAR.BE.IT: (fem.: חלילה / hha'li'lah) Something least likely to happen. Strong's: #2486


FAR.END: (masc.: אפס / ey'phes) The concluding part of an area or extremity. Also, used for the conclusion of a thought; finally, however, but. Alternate Translations: in the end. Strong's: #0657


FASTEN(V): (צמד / ts.m.d) To be joined to another as in a yoke. Strong's: #6775


FASTENER: (masc.: דבק / da'vaq) An item for joining items together. Strong's: #1694, #1695


FAT: (masc.: חלב / hhe'lev) Animal tissue consisting of cells distended with greasy or oily matter; adipose tissue. The fat of an animal as the choicest part. Also, milk; A white fatty liquid secreted by cows, sheep and goats, and used for food or as a source of butter, cheeses, yogurt, etc. Alternate Translations: milk. Strong's: #2459, #2461


FATHER: (masc.: אב / av) A man who has begotten a child. The provider and support to the household. The ancestor of a family line. The patron of a profession or art. Strong's: #0001


FATHER-IN-LAW: (masc.: חם / hham) The father of ones wife or husband, father-in-law. Strong's: #2524


FATNESS: (masc.: דשן / da'shan) An abundance of fat, food or ashes. Strong's: #1879, #1880


FATTENING: (fem.: ריבקה / riyv'qah) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FAVORED: (masc.: מהיטב / ya'tav) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FEAR(V): (ירא / y.r.a) To be afraid of; to have a strong emotion caused by anticipation or awareness of danger; the flowing, or quivering, of the gut from fear or awe; to dread what is terrible or revere what is respected. Strong's: #3372


FEARFUL: (masc.: ירא / ya'rey) Having great respect; being in a state of awe or fear. Strong's: #3373


FEARFULNESS: (fem.: יראה / yi'rah) A great respect; a state of awe or fear. Strong's: #3374


FEARING: (masc.: מורא / mo'ra) To be in awe, a state of fear or apprehensive. Strong's: #4172


FEAST: (masc.: חג / hhag) A commemoration of a special event with dancing, rejoicing, and sharing of food. A ceremony of joy and thanksgiving. A festival with a magnificent meal which is shared with a number of guests. Strong's: #2282


FEATHER: (fem.: אברה / ev'rah) The principle covering of birds. Strong's: #0084


FED.FAT: (masc.: בריא / ba'ri) A member of the livestock that has been fed grains to fatten it for the slaughter. Alternate Translations: fattening. Strong's: #1277


FEED(V): (רעה / r.ah.h) To give food to; to provide feed or pasture to the flock. Commonly used in the participle form meaning a "feeder" or "shepherd." Strong's: #7462


FEEDING.PLACE: (masc.: מרעה / mir'eh) A place of feeding or grazing. Strong's: #4829


FEEL(V): (מוש / m.w.sh) To handle or touch in order to examine, test or explore some quality. Reach out with the hand to touch. Strong's: #3237


FEMALE: (fem.: נקבה / na'qey'vah) An individual that bears children. Designed with a hollow or groove into which a corresponding male part fits, as with a hole. Strong's: #5347


FEMALE.OWNER: (fem.: גברת / ge've'ret) A female master overseeing slaves or servants. Strong's: #1404


FENCE: (masc.: גדר / g'der) (fem.: גדרה / g'dey'rah) A wall for enclosing in livestock or garden. Strong's: #1444, #1447, #1448


FENCE.AROUND(V): (שכך/סכך / s.k.k) To surround with a wall of protection or covering. To encompass completely. Strong's: #5526


FENCE.IN(V): (בצר / b.ts.r) A barrier intended to protect, prevent escape or intrusion, or to mark a boundary; to gather together and confine for protection. Strong's: #1219


FERRET: (fem.: אנקה / a'na'qah) An unclean animal of unknown species. Probably a mammal whose sound is like a cry. Strong's: #0604


FEVER: (fem.: קדחת / qa'da'hhat) Strong's: #6920


FEW: (masc.: מצער / מזער / miz'ar / mits'ar) Small in number. Strong's: #4213, #4705


FIELD: (masc.: שדה / sa'deh) An open land area free of trees and buildings. A level plot of ground. Strong's: #7704


FIFTH: (masc.: חמישי / hha'mi'shi) An ordinal number. Strong's: #2549


FIFTH.PART: (masc.: חומש / hho'mesh) A fifth portion of five equal amounts. Strong's: #2569, #2570


FIG: (fem.: תאן / te'eyn) An oblong or pear-shaped fruit from a tree of the fichus genus. Strong's: #8384


FIGHT(V): (לחם / l.hh.m) To make war; to battle as to destruction; to attempt to defeat, subdue, or destroy an enemy by blows or weapons. Alternate Translations: wage war (when written in the niphil [passive] form). Strong's: #3898


FIGHTING: (masc.: כדר / ka'dar) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FIGURE: (masc.: סמל / se'mel) Strong's: #5566


FILL(V): (מלא / m.l.a) To occupy to the full capacity. Alternate Translations: fulfill; fully; set (the setting of stone). Strong's: #4390


FILLING: (masc.: מלו / me'lo) An act or instance of filling; something used to fill a cavity, container, or depression. Strong's: #4393


FILTHINESS: (masc.: שיקוץ / shiy'quts) A dirty, shameful, or detestable action, object or condition. Often used in the context of idols. Strong's: #8251


FILTHY: (masc.: שקץ / she'qets) Strong's: #8263


FIN: (masc.: סנפיר / s'na'piyr) The fins of a fish. Strong's: #5579


FIND(V): (מצא / m.ts.a) To come upon, often accidentally; to meet with; to discover and secure through searching. Alternate Translations: reveal (when written in the hiphil [active causative] form). Strong's: #4672


FINE(V): (ענש / ah.n.sh) A financial penalty made for an offense or damages. Strong's: #6064


FINGER: (fem.: אצבע / ets'ba) The extension of the hand. Can be used to point. Strong's: #0676


FINGER.SPAN: (fem.: זרת / ze'ret) The width of the fingers, often used as a measurement. Strong's: #2239


FINISH(V): (כלה / k.l.h) To bring to an end; terminate; to complete an action, event. Alternate Translations: bring to an end. Strong's: #3615


FIRE: (fem.: אש / eysh) The phenomenon of combustion manifested by heat, light and flame. Strong's: #0784


FIRE.OFFERING: (masc.: אישה / i'sheh) A sacrifice that is placed in a fire as an offering. Strong's: #0801


FIRE.PAN: (fem.: מחתה / mahh'tah) A tray for carrying hot coals. Strong's: #4289


FIRMLY.PRESSED: (fem.: מעכה / ma'a'kah) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FIRST: (masc.: ריאשון / ri'shon) The head of a time or position. Strong's: #7223


FIRST.RAIN: (masc.: יורה / yo'reh) Strong's: #3138


FIRST.TIME: (fem.: תחילה / te'hhiy'lah) The point of time or space at which anything begins. Strong's: #8462


FIRSTBORN: (masc.: בכור / be'khor) The first offspring, usually a son, of a man or animal; the prominent one. Strong's: #1060


FIRSTBORN.FEMALE: (fem.: בכירה / be'khi'rah) The daughter that is born first; the prominent one. Strong's: #1067


FIRST-FRUIT: (masc.: ביכור / bi'khor) The first gathered fruits of a harvest; the first results of an undertaking. Strong's: #1061


FISH: (masc.: דג / דאג / dag) (fem.: דגה / da'gah) An aquatic animal. Only fish with scales and fins are considered fit for food (clean). Strong's: #1709, #1710


FISSURE: (fem.: נקרה / nik'rah) A division, causing to become two pieces instead of one. A cleft or narrow chasm. Strong's: #5366


FIST: (masc.: אגרוף / eg'roph) Clenched fingers into the palm of the hand. Strong's: #0106


FIVE: (masc.: חמשה / hha'mi'shah) (fem.: חמש / hha'meysh) A cardinal number, from the number of fingers on a hand. Alternate Translations: fifty (when written in the plural). Strong's: #2568, #2572


FLAKE.OFF(V): (חספס / hh.s.p.s) To scale off particles from an object. Strong's: #2636


FLAME.OF.FIRE: (masc.: פילדש / piyl'dash) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FLAMING: (masc.: חרי / hha'ri) A visible fire, usually used in the sense of a fierce anger. Strong's: #2750


FLAMING.WRATH: (masc.: חרון / hha'ron) A fierce anger. Strong's: #2740


FLANK: (fem.: ירכה / yar'khah) The hollow of the loins between the legs. Strong's: #3411


FLAPPING.WING: (masc.: ממרא / mam'ra) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FLARE.UP(V): (חרה / hh.r.h) To become suddenly excited or angry; to break out suddenly. Burn with a fierce anger. Strong's: #2734


FLASH: (masc.: ברק / ba'raq) The bright light shining off the edge of a sword. The bright light of lightning. Strong's: #1300


FLAT: (masc.: ריקוע / riy'qu'a) As hammered out flat. Strong's: #7555


FLAVOR: (masc.: טעם / ta'am) The taste of a food or the perception of a person's behavior. Strong's: #2940


FLAX: (fem.: פשתה / pish'teh) A plant in which its fibers are used in manufacturing articles of clothing. Also, used to make wicks, cords, and bands. Linseed, linseed oil, and oilcake are useful products of the same plant. Strong's: #6593, #6594


FLEE(V): (נוס / n.w.s) To run away, often from danger or evil; to hurry toward a place of safety; to flee to any safe place such as a city or mountain. Strong's: #5127


FLEE.AWAY(V): (ברח / b.r.hh) To run away from. Alternate Translations: reach (when written in the hiphil [active causative] form). Strong's: #1272


FLEECE: (masc.: גז / gaz) The coat of wool that covers a sheep or a similar animal. Also, the grasses that are sheared off with a sickle in harvest. Strong's: #1488


FLEEING: (fem.: מנוסה / m'nu'sah) Strong's: #4499


FLEET: (masc.: עירד / iy'rad) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FLESH: (fem.: בשר / ba'sar) The soft parts of a human or animal, composed primarily of skeletal muscle. Skin and muscle or the whole of the person. Meat as food. Strong's: #1154, #1320


FLINT: (masc.: יהלום / ya'ha'lom) Possibly the flint, a form of quartz of a brown, gray or black color. Other possible translations are onyx and diamond. Strong's: #3095


FLOAT(V): (צוף / z.w.p) To rest or remain on the surface of a liquid; be buoyant. Also means "to flow." Strong's: #6687


FLOCKS: (masc.: צונה / tso'neh) (fem.: צון / צאון / tson) Groups of birds or animals assembled or herded together. Strong's: #6629, #6792


FLOOD: (masc.: מבול / ma'bul) To cover with an overwhelming quantity or volume of water. Strong's: #3999


FLOOR: (masc.: גורן / go'ren) The level base of a room, barn or threshing floor. Strong's: #1637


FLOUR: (fem.: סולת / so'let) Finely ground meal of grain used for making bread. Strong's: #5560


FLOURISHED: (masc.: נב / nav) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FLOURISHING: (masc.: רען / ra'a'nan) A green plant bearing fruit. Also, prosperous. Strong's: #7488


FLOW(V): (נזל / n.z.l) To stream or gush a liquid substance. To run like water. Strong's: #5140


FLOW.OUT(V): (רור / r.w.r) Strong's: #7325


FLUSH(V): (שטף / sh.t.p) To flow over with copious amounts of water. Strong's: #7857


FLUTTER(V): (רחף / r.hh.p) To flap the wings rapidly. To move with quick wavering or flapping motions. Shake as a bird in the nest. Strong's: #7363


FLY(V): (עוף / ah.w.p) To move in or pass through the air with wings; to soar in the air. Strong's: #5774


FLYER: (masc.: עוף / oph) A flying creature such as a bird or insect. Strong's: #5775


FOLLOWING: (fem.: תשוקה / te'shu'qah) To go, proceed or come after. Being next in order or time. Subsequent to. As the river follows the path of its banks. Strong's: #8669


FOLLY: (fem.: נבלה / ne'va'lah) Lack of good sense or prudence and foresight. In the sense of fading away. Strong's: #5039


FOOD: (fem.: אכלה / akh'lah) Something that nourishes, sustains, or supplies. For giving sustenance and making one whole. Strong's: #0402


FOODSTUFF: (masc.: אוכל / o'khel) A substance that may be eaten for giving sustenance and making one whole. Strong's: #0400


FOOL: (masc.: נבל / na'val) A silly or stupid person. Strong's: #5036


FOOLISH(V): (יאל / y.a.l) To be without wisdom. Strong's: #2973


FOOT: (fem.: רגל / re'gel) The terminal part of the leg upon which the human, animal or object stands. Also, euphemistically for the leg. Alternate Translations: times (when in the plural form). Strong's: #7272


FOOTING: (masc.: אדן / e'den) Ground or basis for a firm foundation. That which sustains a stable position. Strong's: #0134


FOOTSTEP: (fem.: פעם / pa'am) A stroke of time as a rhythmic beating of time, one moment after the other. A moment in time. A foot or leg in the sense of stepping. Alternate Translations: foot; time; this time (when prefixed with "the~"). Strong's: #6471


FOR: (חלף / hhey'leph) An exchange for something else. Strong's: #2500


FORBID(V): (נוא / n.w.a) Strong's: #5106


FORCE: (masc.: חיל / hha'yil) The pressure exerted to make a piercing. Strong's: #2428


FORCEFUL: (masc.: חזק / hha'zaq) (fem.: חזקה / hha'za'qah) A strong grip on something to refrain or support. Driven with force. Acting with power. Strong's: #2389, #2390, #2391


FOREFRONT: (masc.: מול / mul) In front of or at the head of, in space or time. Alternate Translations: in place. Strong's: #4136


FOREHEAD: (masc.: מצח / mey'tsahh) The part of the face which extends from the hair on the top of the head to the eyes. Impudence, confidence, or assurance. The seat of boldness of speech and actions. Strong's: #4696


FOREIGN: (masc.: נכרי / na'khri) (fem.: נכריה / na'khri'yah) Situated outside one's own country. Alien in character. A strange person, place or thing as being unrecognized. Strong's: #5237


FOREIGNER: (masc.: נכר / ney'khar) A person belonging to or owing allegiance to a foreign country. Strong's: #5235, #5236


FORESKIN: (fem.: ערלה / ar'lah) A fold of skin that covers the end of the penis. Strong's: #6190


FOREST: (masc.: יער / ya'ar) A dark place dense with trees. Strong's: #3264, #3293


FORGET(V): (שכח / sh.k.hh) To lose remembrance of; to cease remembering or noticing. Strong's: #7911


FORGIVE(V): (סלח / s.l.hh) To pardon; to overlook an offense and treat the offender as not guilty. Strong's: #5545


FORK: (masc.: מזלג / maz'leyg) (fem.: מזלגה / miz'la'gah) An implement, or tool with multiple prongs or tines. Strong's: #4207


FORM: (masc.: תואר / to'ar) The outline of an individual. Strong's: #8389


FORTIFICATION: (masc.: מבצר / miv'tsar) A walled place of protection and confinement. Strong's: #4013


FORTIFIED: (masc.: כסלוח / kas'lo'ahh) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FORTRESS.OF.ANU: (masc.: כלנה / kal'nah) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FORTUNATE: (masc.: שון / shun) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FORTUNE: (masc.: גד / gad) A store of material possessions. Strong's: #1409


FORTUNES: (masc.: גדגד / gid'gad) (fem.: גודגודה / gud'go'dah) Great wealth; ample stock of money, property, and the like. Strong's: [Found in names only]


FOUL: (masc.: פיגול / pi'gul) Strong's: #6292


FOUNDATION: (masc.: מוסד / mu'sad) (fem.: מוסדה / mu'sa'dah) A supporting and level base of a building or structure which lies on or in the ground. Strong's: #4143, #4144, #4145, #4146


FOUNDED(V): (יסד / y.s.d) To lay a foundation of a house, place or plan; to establish, fix in place. Strong's: #3245


FOUNTAIN: (masc.: מקור / ma'qor) A spring that comes out of a hole in the ground. The source of water necessary for life in the wilderness. Strong's: #4726


FOUR: (masc.: ארבעה / ar'ba'ah) (fem.: ארבע / ar'ba) A cardinal number. Alternate Translations: forty (when written in the plural). Strong's: #0702, #0705


FOURTH: (masc.: רביעי / re'vi'i) An ordinal number. Strong's: #7243


FOURTH.GENERATION: (masc.: ריבע / ri'va) A great-great grandchild, as a descendant of the fourth generation. Strong's: #7256


FOURTH.PART: (masc.: רובע / ro'va) As fourth in the order. Strong's: #7255


FRAGILE: (masc.: פרנך / par'nakh) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FRAGMENT: (fem.: פת / pat) A part broken off, detached, or incomplete. The removal of a piece resulting in a hole. Strong's: #6595


FRAGRANCE: (fem.: בסמת / bas'mat) The pleasing aroma of a sweet-smelling spice. Strong's: [Found in names only]


FRAGRANT.ONE: (masc.: זיפרון / ziph'ron) A person who has a pleasant scent or aroma. Strong's: [Found in names only]


FRAIL: (masc.: רפה / ra'pheh) Strong's: #7504


FRANKINCENSE: (fem.: לבונה / le'vo'nah) A resin or gum that is a residue from the bark of a particular ash or fir tree. Used as incense, perfume, or with an offering. Strong's: #3828


FREE: (masc.: חפשי / hhaph'shi) Released from bondage or burden of obligation. Emancipation. Strong's: #2670


FREE(V): (חפש / hh.p.sh) To be free from a master or obligation. Strong's: #2666


FREE.FLOWING: (fem.: דרור / de'ror) To flow without hindrances. Strong's: #1865


FREEDOM: (fem.: חופשה / hhuph'shah) Strong's: #2668


FREELY: (masc.: חינם / hhi'nam) Having no restrictions. A work or action that is performed without wages or without cause. Strong's: #2600


FREEWILL.OFFERING: (fem.: נדבה / ne'da'vah) A voluntary or spontaneous gift as an offering out of respect or devotion. Strong's: #5071


FRESH: (masc.: לשד / l'shad) Something that is fresh and moist. Strong's: #3955


FRESH.OIL: (masc.: יצהר / yits'har) Strong's: #3323


FRESH.WINE: (masc.: תירוש / ti'rosh) Newly pressed wine as a desired possession. Strong's: #8492


FRIEND: (fem.: רעות / re'ut) A female companion as one who is close. Strong's: #7468


FRINGE: (fem.: ציצית / tsi'tsit) A tassel or lock of hair as blossoms. Strong's: #6734


FROG: (fem.: צפרדע / tse'phar'dey'a) A four-legged amphibious animal. Strong's: #6854


FROM: (מן / מני / min / miney) A function word indicating a starting point or origin. (The short form "מ" is used as a prefix meaning "from") Alternate Translations: before (when prefixed with "to~"). Strong's: #4480


FRUIT.PRESS: (masc.: דמע / de'ma) The liquid that seeps out of the fruit and used in making oils and juices. Strong's: #1831


FRUITFUL: (fem.: ריבלה / riyv'lah) Bountiful of produce. (A noun of uncertain meaning). Strong's: [Found in names only]


FRUITFULNESS: (masc.: פרת / pa'tar) Strong's: [Found in names only]


FRY(V): (רבך / r.b.k) Strong's: #7246


FULL: (masc.: מלא / ma'ley) (fem.: מלאה / me'ley'ah) Containing as much or as many as is possible or normal. Strong's: #4392


FULL.AGE: (masc.: כלח / ke'lahh) Advanced in years. Strong's: #3624


FULL.STRENGTH: (masc.: תום / tom) Someone or something that is whole or complete. Full in power or force. One who is mature. Strong's: #8537


FUNCTIONAL: (masc.: טוב / tov) (fem.: טובה / to'vah) Fulfilling the action for which a person or thing is specially fitted or used, or for which a thing exists. A functioning within its intended purpose. Strong's: #2896, #2898


FURNACE: (masc.: כיבשן / kiv'shan) An enclosed structure in which heat is produced by burning wood inside. Strong's: #3536


FURROW: (masc.: תלם / te'lem) A line scratched in the soil made by oxen while plowing a field. Strong's: #8525


FURTHER: (fem.: הלאה / hal'ah) At a distance beyond the present place or time. Alternate Translations: beyond (when prefixed with "from~"). Strong's: #1973


FURY: (fem.: חמה / hha'mah) Intense, disordered, and often destructive rage. An intense heat from anger. Strong's: #2534

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